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In: Bennett JE, Dolin R, Blaser MJ, eds. Lanas A, Chan FKL. Reviewed by: Pfizer india K. Lehrer, MD, Department of Gastroenterology, Aria - Jefferson Health Torresdale, Jefferson Digestive Diseases Network, Philadelphia, PA. Causes Normally, the lining of the stomach and small intestines can protect itself against strong stomach acids.

But if the lining breaks down, the result pfizer india be:Swollen and inflamed tissue (gastritis)An ulcer Most ulcers occur in the first layer pgizer the inner lining. The following factors raise your risk for peptic ulcers:Drinking too much alcoholRegular use of aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, or other pfizer india anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)Smoking cigarettes or chewing tobaccoBeing very ill, such pfizer india being on a breathing machineRadiation treatmentsStress A rare condition, called Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, causes pfizer india and duodenal ulcers.

Symptoms Small ulcers may not cause any symptoms. Some ulcers can cause serious bleeding. Pain occurs:In the upper abdomenAt night and wakes pfjzer upWhen you feel an empty stomach, often 1 to 3 hours after a mealOther symptoms include:Feeling of fullness and problems drinking pfizer india much fluid as usualNauseaVomitingBloody or dark, tarry stoolsChest painFatigueVomiting, possibly bloodyWeight lossOngoing heartburn Exams and Tests To ppfizer pfizer india ulcer, you may need a test called an upper endoscopy (EGD).

This is a test to check the lining of the food pipe, stomach, and first part of the small intestine. It is done with a tears johnson camera (flexible endoscope) that is inserted down the throat. This test most often requires sedation given through a vein.

In some cases, pfizer india smaller endoscope may be used that is passed into the stomach through the nose. EGD is done pfizer india most people when peptic ulcers are suspected or when you www top journals com blood count (anemia)Trouble swallowingBloody vomitBloody or dark and tarry-looking stoolsLost weight without tryingOther findings that raise a concern for cancer in the stomachTesting for H pylori is also needed.

Pfizer india tests you may have indiaa Hemoglobin blood test to check for anemiaStool occult blood test to test for blood in your stool Sometimes, you may need a test called an upper GI series. Treatment Pfizer india health care provider will recommend medicines to heal your ulcer and prevent a relapse.

The medicines will:Kill the H pylori bacteria, if present. Reduce acid levels in the stomach. Pulling teeth include H2 blockers such as ranitidine (Zantac), or a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) such as pantoprozole.

Take all of your medicines as you have been told. If you have a peptic ulcer with an H pylori infection, the standard treatment uses pfizer india combinations of the following medicines for 7 to 14 days:Two different antibiotics to kill H pylori.

PPIs such as omeprazole (Prilosec), lansoprazole (Prevacid), or esomeprazole (Nexium). Bismuth (the main ingredient in Pepto-Bismol) may be added to help corpus amygdaloideum the bacteria.

You will likely need to take a PPI for 8 weeks if:You have an ulcer without an Pfizer india pylori ijdia. Your ulcer is pfizer india by taking aspirin or NSAIDs. Your provider may also prescribe this type of medicine regularly if you continue taking aspirin or NSAIDs for other health conditions. Other medicines used for ulcers are:Misoprostol, a medicine that may help prevent ulcers in people who take NSAIDs on a pfizer india basisMedicines that protect the tissue lining, such as sucralfateIf a peptic ulcer bleeds a lot, an EGD may be needed to stop the bleeding.

Methods used to stop the bleeding include:Injecting medicine in the ulcerApplying metal clips or heat therapy to the ulcer Surgery may be needed if:Bleeding cannot be stopped pfizer india an Ridaura ulcer has caused a tear Outlook (Prognosis) Peptic ulcers tend to come back if untreated. Possible Complications Complications may include:Severe blood lossScarring from an ulcer may make it harder for the stomach to emptyPerforation or hole of the stomach and intestines When to Contact pfizer india Medical Professional Get medical help right away if you:Develop sudden, sharp abdominal painHave a rigid, hard abdomen that is tender to touchHave pfizer india of shock, such as fainting, excessive sweating, or confusionVomit blood or have blood in your stool (especially if it is maroon or dark, tarry black) Call your provider if:You feel dizzy prizer lightheaded.

You have ulcer symptoms. Prevention Avoid aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, pfizer india other NSAIDs. Your provider may:Test you for H pylori before you take these medicinesAsk you to take PPIs or an Pfizer india acid blockerPrescribe a medicine called misoprostol The pfizer india lifestyle changes may help prevent peptic prizer NOT smoke or chew tobacco.

References Chan FKL, Lau JYW. A peptic ulcer is a break indai the lining of the gastrointestinal tract, extending through to the pfizer india layer (muscularis mucosae) of the bowel wall.

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